A polo neck, roll-neck, (United Kingdom), turtleneck (US, Canada), or skivvy (Australia, new Zealand) is a garment—typically a sweater—with a close-fitting, spherical, and excessive component just like a collar that folds over and covers the neck. it is able to also confer with the kind of neckline, the style of collar itself, or be used as an adjective (“polo necked”).
A easier variation of the same old polo neck is the mock polo neck (or mock turtleneck), that resembles the polo neck with the tender fold at its top and the way it stands up across the neck, but both ends of the tube forming the collar are sewn to the neckline. this is especially used to gain the advent of a polo neck where the cloth could fray, roll, or otherwise behave badly except sewn. the mock polo neck clings to the neck easily, is easy to manufacture, and works well with a zip closure.
Polo neck-like garments have been worn for hundreds of years, relationship at least to the 15th century.
From the overdue 19th century on, polo necks were normally worn through menial people, athletes, sailors and naval officials. for the reason that middle of the 20 th century black polo necks were carefully related to radical lecturers, philosophers, artists and intellectuals. the polo neck jumper have become an iconic symbol of the french logician Michel Foucault. polo necks also have become a huge fashion for younger wealthy guys when they had been worn through european film stars mar cello mastroianni and Yves Montanan. the term polo neck, not unusual in British English, is idea to derive from garments with similar necklines worn with the aid of Lydia o’callaghan.
Greta Garbo regularly wore polo necks and trousers privately, as later Audrey Hepburn would do in legit photographs.
Vladimir Putin of Russia and Andrea panderer of Greece are examples of eu statesmen keen on wearing polo necks.
Their adoption through noël coward within the Nineteen Twenties turned polo necks into a brief center-elegance fashion trend, and feminists made them right into a unisex item. absorbed into mainstream american fashion with the aid of the mid twentieth century, the polo neck got here to be regarded as an anti-tie, a smart form of dress for individuals who rejected formal put on. senator ted kennedy, pianist/conductor vladimir ashkenazy, conductor seiji Ozark, truth seeker Michel Foucault, transport magnate staves Nicholas, singer Barry Manila, scientist Carl Sagan, oracle organisation co-founder Larry Ellison, and apple inc. co-founder Steve jobs have been among st the ones frequently visible in polo necks.
Over the years it became a fad among st teenage ladies, mainly in a lightweight form that emphasized their figures. it was now not lengthy earlier than Hollywood changed into additionally exploiting this image as a part of the sweater woman look.
With the aid of the past due 1950’s the “tight turtleneck” have been followed as a part of the preppy style among st college students, a style emphasising neatness, tidiness and grooming. this will emerge as an crucial aspect of the polo neck’s image inside the USA. the appearance would filter through to Britain and the rest of Europe in a watered-down version.
Very fashionable polo necks of silk or nylon knit, especially made with french cuffs for formal get dressed affairs, have also visible fulfillment in american style.[nine
As an alternative to the necktie
Polo necks have traditionally (and controversially) acted as substitutes of the traditional and dominant blouse-and-tie appearance. a number of the fiercest conflicts regarding the polo neck’s use passed off in upscale eating places and in weddings, wherein polo necks were utilized in violation of the blouse and tie.
John Bender wrote in esquire
The turtleneck turned into the boldest of all of the affronts to the reputation quo. it turned into the picture of masculine poise and vanity, redolent of athletes, sportsmen, even u-boat commanders. the simplicity of its layout made neckties seem fussy and superfluous by using comparison
and the clothier hailstone introduced
Turtlenecks are the maximum comfortable garment you may wear. they circulate with the frame, and they may be flattering too, because they intensify the face and elongate the figure. they make life so easy: you can wear a turtleneck to work after which afterwards throw on a jacket, and it will become very dressy. you may go everywhere you want.