Apparel terminology comprises the names of character garments and lessons of clothes, as well as the specialized vocabularies of the trades which have designed, synthetic, advertised and bought garb over masses of years.
Apparel terminology levels from the arcane (Watchet, a pale blue color name from the 16th century) to the everyday (t-shirt), and modifications through the years in response to style which in flip displays social, inventive, and political developments.
- At its broadest, garb terminology may be said to include names for:
- Lessons of simple garments: shirt, coat, skirt, dress, fit, underclothes, swimsuit.
period, for skirts and dresses: micro-mini, mini, tea period, ballerina length, full length, midi, maxi.
modern and historical sorts of clothes: corset, frock coat, t-blouse, doublet.
components of garments: sleeve, collar, lapel.
sorts of these: Juliette sleeve, peter pan collar.
clothing info: pocket, french cuff, zipper.
useful uses: base layer, insulation layer, outer shell.
conventional garments: cheongsam, kilt, dirndl, fustanella.
models and “anti-fashions”: preppy, new appearance, hip-hop, rational get dressed.
fabric: denim, wool, chiffon, velvet, satin, silk, cotton.
fabric treatments: fabric painting, transfers, ikat, tie-dye, batik.
fabric manipulation: pleat, tuck, acquire, smocking.
colors and dyes: madder purple, indigo, Isabella.
sewing terms: cut, hem, armscye, lining.
pattern making terms: sloper, toile.
strategies of manufacture: haute couture, bespoke tailoring, equipped-to-wear
length ranges: small, medium, massive, xl (greater massive), xxl (double greater huge), junior, misses, plus length, huge-and-tall.
retail seasons: back-to-school, excursion, hotel, seasonal.
departments: unique event, sportswear, bridge style.
stages of ritual: formal put on, bridal, business informal.
market: high cease, high avenue, moral consumer, cut price.
Despite the consistent creation of new phrases via style designers, clothing producers, and entrepreneurs, the names for several simple garment instructions in English are very strong through the years. robe, shirt/skirt, frock, and coat are all attested lower back to the early medieval length.
Robe (from medieval Latin gunna) changed into a basic apparel term for masses of years, regarding a garment that hangs from the shoulders. in medieval and renaissance England gown noted a unfastened outer garment worn by using each ladies and men, every so often short, extra regularly ankle period, with sleeves. by the 18th century gown had become a trendy category time period for a ladies’s dress, a which means it retained till the mid-20th century. best within the last few decades has robe lost this preferred that means in desire of dress. these days the time period robe is rare besides in specialized instances: educational dress or cap and gown, nighttime gown, nightgown, health facility gown, and so on (see gown).
Blouse and skirt are initially the identical phrase, the previous being the southern and the latter the northern pronunciation in early center English.
Coat remains a term for an over garment, its critical that means for the remaining thousand years (see coat).
Garb styles are often named after humans—frequently with a army connection:
The Jinnah cap is a fur qaraqul hat named after the founding father of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
The Garibaldi jacket or Garibaldi blouse had been bright purple woolen garments for girls with black embroidery or braid and navy information popular in the 1860’s; they’re named after the Italian progressive giuseppe garibaldi who visited England in 1863.
The Eisenhower jacket or “like” jacket is a waist-length, navy jacket of world struggle ii origins. referred to as the “jacket, area, wool, m-1944”, it became commissioned by using then popular Dwight Eisenhower as a new field jacket for the united states forces in northern Europe. the jacket turned into based on the British military ‘warfare get dressed’ jacket of the equal technology.
The cardigan is a knitted jacket or button-the front sweater created to preserve British squad dies warm in Russian winters. it is known as for James Brunelleschi, 7th earl of cardigan, who led the fee of the light brigade in the Crimean warfare (1854).
The Mao jacket is a very undeniable (often gray), high-collared, shirt like jacket usually worn through Mao Zedong and the people of china in the course of his regime. its drab layout and uniformity turned into a reaction to pre-revolution elegance differences of garments, with elites dressing in tricky silks, at the same time as bad workers wore very rough garments.
The Nehru jacket is a uniform jacket with out lapels or collars, popularized by using jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of independent India.
The bloomer gown turned into a type of ladies’s clothing introduced inside the antebellum duration, that modified the style from dresses to a more male-kind fashion, which was devised by using Amelia bloomer.
the wellington boot changed into a cavalry boot devised with the aid of the duke of wellington, at the beginning made from leather-based, but now generally rubber.
The stetson hat is called after the founder of the toilet b. stetson employer.
the mackintosh is a waterproof coat made from rubbished material, named after its inventor Charles Macintosh.
the Gandhi cap is a white colored side cap made from khaki. it become popularized with the aid of mahatma Gandhi in the course of the Indian independence movement.
Every other fertile source for garb terms is region names, which usually replicate the origin (or meant beginning) of a style. cutting-edge phrases which include Bermuda shorts, Hawaiian shirts, and truthful isle sweaters are the modern day in a long line that stretches lower back to Holland (linen), damask (“from Damascus”), polonaise (“within the fashion of polish women”), basque, jersey (originally jersey frock), balaclava, Capri pants, manta, and denim (“serge de names” after the town).
Costume historian’s terms
Dress historians, with a “rearward-searching” view, require names for apparel styles that were not used (or wanted) when the patterns were simply worn. as an instance, the van dyke collar is so-referred to as from its appearances in seventeenth century snap shots by means of Anthony van dyck, and the Watteau pleats of the gown á Los Angeles Francoise are known as after their appearance within the images of Antoine Watteau.
In addition, phrases may be carried out a historically to entire classes of clothes, so that corset is carried out to garments that were known as remains or a couple of bodies till the introduction of the phrase corset within the overdue 18th century. and dress is now implemented to any girls’s garment along with a bodice and skirt, although for maximum of its records dress clearly meant apparel, or a whole outfit of clothing with its suitable accessories.